Showing posts with label visual processing. Show all posts
Showing posts with label visual processing. Show all posts
Friday, 17 November 2017

Increase Your Student's CVC Fluency

Stuck Sounding Out

I once had a home-school parent come to me for an evaluation for their child who seemed too be having trouble reading. One of the first things I asked the student to-do list to read a little Bob book that was mainly composed of three-letter CVC words.  He proceeded to read the book to me by sounding out each and every word  /S/ /a/ /m/  /c/ /a/ /n/  /s/ /i/ /t/. The problem was he never put any of the words back together again so his understanding of what he read was next to nothing.Usually when students have reading problems teachers encourage them to sound out words or tap out words. This is an important skill, but many children especially ones with any kind of visual dyslexia become stuck in the sound out or the tap out mode of reading.



Getting Students "Unstuck"

I wanted to create a products that would encourage children to be able to visually see the differences between CVC words and increase their fluency speed. Sounding out is a tool to decode words but we don't want students to be stuck only sounding out.


Small Differences

Many students struggle to the extreme with CVC words. In fact I have some students that can read longer words much better and they can read simple CVC words. My theory behind this problem is that CVC words are visually similar to each other. Young  children  or students with visual dyslexia have difficulty seeing the small differences in these words. So they continually sound out the same words over and over again. This can be maddeningly frustrating for both the student and for the teacher. that is why I created a product which especially focuses on vowel changes so students have to focus on these changes .


When using these sheets I always have the students read the rows with the words that only have one vowel change first and then later after they can do this fluently. I have them read the column with additional changes. Kids really respond to this interactive method and I have seen wonderful results.
I love to laminate these put them on a ring and use them again and again. It is a great time saver in the therapy room or the classroom.
If you want to try out these helpful materials. You can buy Winter CVC Fluency or Fall CVC Fluency

Happy Smart and Special Teaching



Monday, 19 December 2016

Visual Processing and Memory issues with Dyslexia




When people think of seeing they most often think about visual accuracy,as in 20/20 vision. But vision is much more than that. The brain is the main processor for the visual world. When students struggle with visual processing  they will often struggle with reading and reading comprehension. Not all children with visual processing issues have dyslexia and not all dyslexic student struggle with visual processing. However, some dyslexic childen do struggle with visual processing so it is helpful to know more about it.
Visual processing issues affect how a child learns as well as functional skills like kicking a ball or sorting socks. Children with visual dyslexia often struggle with 5 areas.
  • Visual discrimination issues:  These students often have trouble discriminating between 2 different shapes especially if they are similar. This may cause them to confuse letters like b and or p and q.
  • Visual sequencing issues: Students who struggle with sequencing may skip lines when reading or reverse or misread numbers or words. 
  • Long- or short-term visual memory issues:Students with visual memory problems commonly read the same words over and over again by "sounding them out." This is because they can not remember what the word looks like and this slows down reading fluency.
  • Visual figure-ground discrimination issues: Students with this issue often can not pull a shape or letter from its background this will cause them to have trouble finding a specific word or sentence on a page.
  • Visual-motor processing issues: Students with this problem often struggle with coordination because they have difficulty using the feedback from their eyes to coordinate body movements. They may struggle writing on lines or within the margins. and may have trouble copying  from books.

How to Help Children with these issues

Some simple activities you can do at home or in the classroom are to encourage students to do puzzles or work with books like Where's Waldo.



In addition, memory games are very helpful for students who struggle with visual memory. 
But try not  to do just object memory games. Students with visual memory problems or visual discrimination problems need to do word memory games.I created 3 games for Visual memory this winter. Click on the captions to access these fun and helpful games.


It is important to add the kinesthetic aspect when playing a memory match game. Have students close their eyes are try to visualize words and then "air write" those words. 
"Air "writing is helpful to visual memory


I also created a SMART Notebook activities to assist with visual memory and CVC words and a printable pack to help especially with students who have visual memory and visual discrimination struggles with CVC words.  You can purchase this helpful resource here.

Have students read across and then vertically
Line and loop is great for eye tracking and fine motor control



This is great for figure ground practice.

With practice kids who struggle with visual discrimination can improve their reading ability.
Please let me know if you have comments or questions and I would be happy to help.